To build or enlarge
The steps to construct a new building or expand an already existing building vary from one municipality to another. Typically, the process includes one or more of the following steps:
The implantation project plan
The implantation plan is a plan representing the construction or expansion project, as desired. This plan, usually based on an architectural plan, is intended to be presented to the council of the municipality the work that will be undertaken if you get their agreement. It contains the core of the current regulations, as well as the peculiarities that can affect the property.
Off / Set Implantation
The off / set implantation consists of marking the soil (usually pipes or metal rods), set back from the foundations or the projected structure to indicate to the machinery and those working on the site where to dig the building or extension foundation, or where to build the structure of the said construction or extension, if a foundation is not necessary. These marks are set back from a fixed distance (for example, 6 feet or 1.83 meters) away from the corner they represent so that no one can move or alter them during the construction. In addition, they are generally accompanied by wooden sticks (on which the setback distance is indicated) thus making it possible to locate them on the ground.
Implantation on the footing
Implantation on the footing is like putting marks (most of the time nails) on the base of the foundation (the footing) indicating to the machinery where to dig the foundation of the construction or enlargement, or where to build the structure of the said construction or extension, if a foundation is not necessary. This operation may be necessary for properties with limited space or in the situation where the implantation must be particularly precise. Unlike the off / set implantation, the nails are placed at the exact location of the corner of the structure to be erected.
The certificate of location
Once the project is complete, the municipality may require an up-to-date certificate of location showing the extension or new construction. This procedure is intended to demonstrate that the new construction or modifications comply with current regulations, as indicated in the implantation project.
Indeed, it is not clear that the implantation project and implantation itself has been scrupulously monitored by the people carrying out the construction and the certificate of location guarantees its conformity, when it is the case, that the municipality is entitled to get. For the same reasons, the certificate of location may be required by the mortgage lender, in particular for the final disbursement in the case of self-construction. To learn more about a certificate of location see the section “To sell a property”.